The hottest jalapeno pepper that can be grown is the “Bhut Jolokia” (Capsicum frutescens) or “Ghost Chili Pepper,” (Capsicum chinense) which is considered one of the spiciest peppers in the world. It has a Scoville heat rating of over 1 million units, which is significantly hotter than a regular jalapeno, which has a heat rating of 2,500 to 8,000 Scoville units. Keep in mind, though, that growing conditions, such as climate and soil type, can affect the heat level of any given jalapeno plant.
What climate is needed to grow above jalapeno peppers
Jalapeno peppers are native to Mexico and thrive in warm, sunny climates. To grow Bhut Jolokia or Ghost Peppers, you will need a similar climate. Ideally, you should provide your plants with temperatures between 75-85°F during the day and 60-70°F at night, with high humidity levels of around 60-70%. They also need plenty of sunlight, so it’s best to grow them in an area that gets at least 6 hours of direct sunlight a day. Additionally, the plants prefer well-draining soil that is high in organic matter and a pH of 6.0 to 7.0. If you live in a cooler climate, you may have to provide additional heating or grow your plants in a greenhouse to achieve the optimal growing conditions.
What yields can you expect from Bhut Jolokia or Ghost Chili Peppers
Bhut Jolokia or Ghost Pepper plant yields vary based on factors such as climate, soil fertility and plant nutrition. On average, a mature plant can produce anywhere from 10 to 20 peppers per season. Remember that not all peppers will be marketable as a whole pepper, but if you are selling it as a powder, it does not matter. However, this number can be higher if F1 varieties are used and planted under shade netting.
It’s important to note that growing Bhut Jolokia or Ghost Peppers can be challenging, as they are more demanding than many other pepper varieties. To maximize your yield, you will need to provide your plants with the proper growing conditions and care, including adequate sunlight hours, consistent moisture, and proper fertilization. Make sure you don’t have any water logged fields and if possible use ridges to place the plants on. Additionally, you may need to use proper pest control measures to keep your plants healthy and free from disease. With proper care, however, you can enjoy a bountiful harvest of these incredibly spicy peppers.
Plant Density of Bhut Jolokia or Ghost Peppers
The plant density per hectare depends on several factors, including the size of the plants and the amount of space available for planting. As a rough estimate, you can plant approximately 3,000 to 4,000 Bhut Jolokia or Ghost Pepper plants per hectare. This is based on a typical planting density of 3 to 4 feet between plants and 4 to 5 feet between rows. If you are in an area with significant cloudy days, reduce the plant density to increase the light reaching all the leaves.
Keep in mind that this is just a rough estimate and the actual number of plants you can plant per hectare will depend on several factors, including your local climate, soil fertility, and the size of the plants when mature. It’s best to consult with a local horticulturist or a specialist in growing Bhut Jolokia or Ghost Peppers for specific recommendations for your area.
Diseases found on Bhut Jolokia or Ghost chili peppers
Bhut Jolokia or Ghost Pepper plants are susceptible to a number of diseases that can impact their growth and reduce yields. Some of the most common diseases are:
- Bacterial Leaf Spot: A bacterial disease that causes circular, dark brown spots on the leaves and stems of the plant.
- Blossom End Rot: A physiological disorder caused by a lack of calcium in the plant, resulting in the rot of the blossom end of the fruit.
- Phytophthora Root Rot: A soil-borne fungal disease that causes the roots of the plant to rot, resulting in wilting and death of the plant.
- Powdery Mildew: A fungal disease that causes white, powdery growth on the leaves and stems of the plant.
- Verticillium Wilt: A fungal disease that causes the leaves of the plant to yellow and wilt, and can eventually lead to plant death.
To minimize the risk of disease, it’s important to provide your Bhut Jolokia or Ghost Pepper plants with proper care, including adequate sunlight, water, and nutrients. Additionally, you should practice good implement, spray equipment and tool hygiene, such as removing and destroying infected plant debris, and using appropriate fungicides if necessary. By taking these precautions, you can help keep your Bhut Jolokia or Ghost Pepper plants healthy and productive.
Pests that attack Bhut Jolokia or Ghost chili pepper plants
A variety of pests can damage plants and reduce their yield. Some of the most common pests are:
- Aphids: Small, soft-bodied insects that feed on the sap of the plant, causing yellowing and wilting of the leaves.
- Cutworms: Caterpillars that feed on the stems of young plants, causing them to wilt and die.
- Flea Beetles: Small, jumping insects that feed on the leaves of the plant, causing them to become dotted with small holes.
- Whiteflies: Small, white insects that feed on the sap of the plant and can cause yellowing and wilting of the leaves.
- Spider Mites: Tiny, eight-legged insects that feed on the sap of the plant, causing yellowing and bronzing of the leaves.
Please consult your nearest chemical supplier for which pesticides are allowed to be used in your country.
Fertilization of Bhut Jolokia or Ghost chili peppers
The amount of fertilizer that should be applied depends on several factors, including the type of soil, the stage of growth of the plants, the local climate and the history of the land (crop rotation etc.).
- Soil preparation: Before planting, it’s important to prepare the soil by incorporating organic matter, such as compost, into the soil to improve its fertility and structure.
Fertilizer application: Once the plants are established, they should be fertilized regularly with a balanced fertilizer, such as a 10-10-10 or a 13-13-13 fertilizer. Apply the fertilizer at a rate of 2 to 3 pounds per 100 square feet of garden area, or according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
- Side-dressing: To support the growth and development of Bhut Jolokia or Ghost Pepper plants, it’s a good idea to side-dress them with additional fertilizer mid-season. This can be done by spreading fertilizer evenly around the base of the plant, being careful not to damage the roots.
- Foliar feeding: Bhut Jolokia or Ghost Pepper plants can also benefit from foliar feeding, which involves spraying the foliage with a solution of fertilizer and water. This method helps to quickly deliver nutrients to the plants, and can be especially useful when the plants are under stress from drought, pest damage, or other factors.
It’s important to remember that too much fertilizer can be harmful to Bhut Jolokia or Ghost Pepper plants, and can cause stunted growth and reduced yields. Always follow the manufacturer’s instructions when applying fertilizer, and be sure to monitor the health of your plants to ensure they are receiving the right amount of nutrients.