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  • Beet cyst nematode (Hetrodera… When susceptible crop plantings follow at close intervals i.e. within 12 months or less, beet cyst nematode builds up in the soil to damaging population…
  • Beetroot varieties The most well known beetroot varieties or cultivars are discussed here. When starting it is advisable to use at least 2-3 different varieties in a…
  • Beetroot harvesting and marketing Harvesting beetroot Beetroots is harvested in phases. Initially when the bulbs are 25-40mm in diameter. Size will vary according to variety planted and time of…
  • Beetroot weed control Beetroot mechanical weed control Weeds are controlled either by hand or chemically. Since beetroot seed is actually a small fruit with 2-6 seeds inside, the…
  • Irrigation of beetroot It has already been mentioned in previous articles that the soil must be kept moist until the seedlings emerge. Light regular water applications must be…
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Horticultural articles

Beet cyst nematode

Beet cyst nematode (Hetrodera schachtii)

When susceptible crop plantings follow at close intervals i.e. within 12 months or less, beet cyst nematode builds up in the soil to damaging population concentrations. High populations may reduce the yield by 20-40%. The beet cyst nematode was found in vegetable lands around cities such as Johannesburg, Pretoria, Cape ...
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/ Insects
beetroot varieties cultivars species farming types

Beetroot varieties

The most well known beetroot varieties or cultivars are discussed here. When starting it is advisable to use at least 2-3 different varieties in a test field to assess which variety suits your growing conditions the best. Always keep on doing trials. Don't plant a variety just in one time ...
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/ Beetroot, Cultivars
beetroot fruit bulb varieties cultivars quality harvest

Beetroot harvesting and marketing

Harvesting beetroot Beetroots is harvested in phases. Initially when the bulbs are 25-40mm in diameter. Size will vary according to variety planted and time of season. This is the first harvest and is merely a thinning out process. The second and final harvest is when the bulbs are 50-75mm in ...
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/ Beetroot, Harvesting
beetroot commercial farming africa how to small scale tips

Beetroot weed control

Beetroot mechanical weed control Weeds are controlled either by hand or chemically. Since beetroot seed is actually a small fruit with 2-6 seeds inside, the bunches of seedlings are thinned out so that only one seedling is left and at least 75mm apart. One of the biggest problems with weeds ...
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/ Beetroot, Cultivation, Herbicides
beetroot beta vulgaris

Irrigation of beetroot

It has already been mentioned in previous articles that the soil must be kept moist until the seedlings emerge. Light regular water applications must be applied from sowing until the seedlings emerge. heavy irrigation will make herbicides less effective. Beetroots grown during alternating dry and wet periods have poor quality ...
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/ Beetroot, Irrigation
Beetroot growing farming beta vulgaris

Sowing beetroot seed commercially

Sowing beetroot commercially Sowing beetroot is a practice used by commercial farmers. They are not planted with seedlings. Once the seed is cleaned and salts removed they are ready for sowing. In most cases a seed planter is used since commercial growers can plant 50 ha or more, especially for ...
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/ Beetroot, Planting
Beet seeds

Beetroot seed treatment

Beetroot1)By Downtowngal [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons seed treatment is mostly done by commercial seed companies. There are instances where local seed can be harvested. In this case it is important to understand why it must be washed so that low stands can be avoided. Beetroot seed appears ...
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/ Beetroot, Planting
how to plant pigeon pea africa

Pigeon pea climatic requirements

Pigeon pea climatic requirements The pigeon pea is susceptible to frost damage at all stages of growth.. The most favourable temperature range is between 18-29°C (64-85°F).  For best seed yields bright sunshine is essential. excessive cloud or shade produces spindly growth and poor seed set. There are short day, day ...
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/ Climate, Pigeon peas
beetroot commercial farming africa how to small scale tips

How to grow beetroot – An introduction

Beetroot is not grown by many farmers. Mainly because the demand is not that great and commercial companies have the market share. A large portion of the beetroot sold is processed and bottled. A small portion is sold as fresh. This does not mean there are not opportunities. The advantage ...
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/ Beetroot, Cultivation
okra hibiscus esculentus abelmoshcus esculentus lady's finger gumbo

Okra – Hibiscus esculentus

Okra is not well known in South Africa. Actually its not very well known except maybe in Turkey, India and Asian countries (but they use a different variety). Okra has various popular names such as Gumbo and Lady's Finger. Chinese Okra is something totally different, Luffa acutangula, family Cucurbitaceae. The Okra we ...
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/ Cultivation, Okra

References   [ + ]

1. By Downtowngal [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

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