The terms “chilies” and “peppers” are often used interchangeably, but they can refer to different things depending on the context.
In a culinary sense, “chilies” typically refers to the spicy or hot fruits of the capsicum family of plants, which are used to add flavor and heat to a variety of dishes. These fruits are also sometimes referred to as “hot peppers,” although this term can also be used to refer to a wider variety of fruits from the same family, including sweet peppers. They are scientifically referred to as Capsicum frutescens L. The scientific or botanical name for Sweet peppers is Capsicum annuum L.
In a botanical sense, “chilies” and “peppers” can refer to the same thing, as both are members of the capsicum family. However, some people may use the term “pepper” more broadly to refer to any fruit of the capsicum family, while others may use the term “chili” more specifically to refer to spicy or hot fruits. If you use “pepper”, rather use “hot pepper” to specify that it will burn you as normal “peppers” can also be sweet. The best is not to surprise your customer in this regard.
Ultimately, the distinction between “chilies” and “peppers” can vary depending on the region, the context, and the person using the terms, so it’s important to consider the context when interpreting their use.
The climate and agronomical requirements of the two types of peppers are the same. Both chilies and sweet peppers can be grown in the same fields. Just beware when growing chilies that gloves must be worn when handling the fruit as it can burn eyes and sensitive parts of the body when touched.
Different hot chilies found in the world
There are many different types of hot chili peppers found around the world, each with its own unique flavor profile and level of heat. Some of the most popular hot chili peppers include:
- Jalapeno: A medium-hot chili pepper that is commonly used in Mexican cuisine. It has a slightly sweet and smoky flavor.
- Serrano: A hotter chili pepper that is also commonly used in Mexican cuisine. It has a bright, fresh flavor.
- Cayenne: A hot chili pepper that is commonly used in Cajun and Creole cooking. It has a slightly sweet and earthy flavor.
- Habanero: A very hot chili pepper that is commonly used in Caribbean cuisine. It has a sweet, fruity flavor with a fiery heat.
- Thai bird: A very hot chili pepper that is commonly used in Thai and Southeast Asian cuisine. It has a sharp, citrusy flavor.
- Scotch Bonnet: A very hot chili pepper that is commonly used in Jamaican cuisine. It has a sweet, fruity flavor with a high level of heat.
Each of these chili peppers can be used in a variety of dishes, from stews and sauces to soups and salsas, to add heat and flavor to the dish. It is important to be mindful of the heat level of each chili pepper and to use it appropriately in cooking.
Different sweet peppers found in the world
Sweet peppers are a delicious and versatile variety of chili pepper that are characterized by their lack of heat. Some of the most popular sweet peppers found around the world include:
- Bell pepper: This is the most well-known type of sweet pepper and is available in a range of colors, including green, red, yellow, and orange. Bell peppers have a crisp texture and a mild, sweet flavor.
- Pimento: This is a sweet pepper that is typically smaller and more tapered than bell peppers. It has a slightly sweeter and more flavorful taste than bell peppers.
- Cherry pepper: This is a small, sweet pepper that is often used in pickling or as a garnish.
- Sweet Italian: This is a long, sweet pepper that is typically used in Italian cuisine. It has a mild, slightly sweet flavor and is often grilled or roasted.
- Paprika: This is a sweet pepper that is typically dried and ground into a powder. It is commonly used as a spice in many different cuisines.
Sweet peppers are used in a variety of dishes, from salads and sandwiches to stir-fries and stews, to add color and flavor to the dish. They are the most well-known and widely used Capsicum on the market. Anyone that cooks for their family will know what a “sweet pepper” is.