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  • Irrigation of beetroot It has already been mentioned in previous articles that the soil must be kept moist until the seedlings emerge. Light regular water applications must be…
  • Sowing beetroot seed commercially Sowing beetroot commercially Sowing beetroot is a practice used by commercial farmers. They are not planted with seedlings. Once the seed is cleaned and salts…
  • Beetroot seed treatment Beetroot((By Downtowngal [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons)) seed treatment is mostly done by commercial seed companies. There are instances where local seed can…
  • Pigeon pea climatic requirements Pigeon pea climatic requirements The pigeon pea is susceptible to frost damage at all stages of growth.. The most favourable temperature range is between 18-29°C…
  • How to grow beetroot… Beetroot is not grown by many farmers. Mainly because the demand is not that great and commercial companies have the market share. A large portion…
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Soil-herbicide interactions

weeds control soil herbicides effects

Soil-herbicide chemical degradation The soil-herbicde chemical decomposition are those processes that are not influenced by microbes.  Chemical breakdown processes are Oxidation Reduction Hydrolysis Herbicides that are applied in wet soils with low oxygen will not be degraded through oxidation since those soils have low oxygen levels. Physical processes of herbicide degradation Soil-herbicide physical decomposition are processes such…

Physiological classification of herbicides

The selection of herbicides is not always based on the weed that it should control.  There are many conditions in the environment that will influence the grower or user’s decision to use a specific herbicide.  For instance, the length that the herbicide will be active in the soil will be of major importance with vegetable…

Herbicide formulations

Chemical control of weeds

Once the active ingredient of the herbicide has been developed it has to be presented to the user in a format which will be both economical and effective. Many companies provide the growers with a herbicide in different formulations depending on the application. The different formulations are used in order to vary the volatility, solubility,…

Banned and restricted herbicides

As the pressure increases to develop safer and more economical herbicides, the Government is forced to either withdraw or restrict some of the older chemicals.  Table 3 provides a list of the restricted and banned herbicides used in South Africa.  It is important to have this list handy so that anybody using these chemicals can be…

Application of herbicides

Application and Herbicide drift If pressure is used to apply herbicides, there will always be some herbicide drift through the air.  If there is no commercial crop in the vicinity, spray drift will have no effect, however, when weeds have to be controlled between rows of a commercial crop, any spray drift might cause considerable damage.…

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